I have two c. 1944 advertisements in my collection – both featuring a Type 327 ST tug, built for the US Army, one from Enterprise, and the other from Busch-Sulzer.
You will note….both advertisements feature the same tug, ST-246! These 86′ Type (design) 327 tugs were built throughout WWII by numerous shipyards across the country and used 3 main types of propulsion, all of which were direct reversing engines:
Enterprise Engine & Foundry Co. – DMG-38: 8 cylinder, 12″ x 15″, 650HP Busch-Sulzer – 6DFMT-17: 6 cylinder, 13″ x 17″, 650HP Clark Brothers – MD-6: 6 cylinder, 12 /2″ x 16″, 650HP
It is likely that both of these companies used a stock photo provided by the Army, however it is indeed good for a laugh. A good portion of these tugs went on to postwar careers, many of which would get EMD 567ATL repowers. The Great Lakes region is home to a handful of these, as well as some with original Enterprise engines. The Enterprise seems to have been the better choice of the three. Other classes of ST tugs built during WWII featured a swath of other engine makes, including EMD, Atlas Imperial, Cat, Superior-National, Buda, Kahlenberg, Fairbanks-Morse and others.
One of the coolest engines made – the Nordberg Radial. The engine, a 14″x16″ was offered in both 11 and 12 cylinder models, in spark ignition gas, Diesel, and Dual fuel options. I would love to find a manual for one of these!
This week, we feature a prominent local shipyard – Jakobson Shipbuilding, in Oyster Bay, New York. Jakobson (originally Jakobson & Peterson, located in Brooklyn), moved out to Long Island in 1938, and would become very well known for their quality, and typically overbuilt vessels, especially tugboats.
Jakobson would overtime work very closely with TAMS Inc. Naval Architects, Merritt Demarest, Marine Design Inc. (Joe and Al Hack), Cleveland Diesel, EMD, Moran Towing and many others.
Jakobson (very often misspelled Jacobson) would keep busy right until the late 1980’s led by George Hossfeld. Jakobson Shipyard’s last new construction was the tug was the “Consort”, built for Express Marine in 1984.
Ultimately, the yard would be sold to Moran Towing, who used it as their personal shipyard, as well as doing other outside work using their marine railways, and a single small drydock. The yard closed in 1993, and the property sold to the town in 1997, where it is now a park. Very little remains of the original yard.